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Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea which is round in shape begins to bulge into a cone -like shape. This shape doesn’t allow the light to enter the eyes in the correct manner and interferes with the vision. Keratoconus can affect one or both eyes at the same time. It starts off during teenage or in the early 20’s.

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Keratoconus is caused due to the weakening of the corneal tissue. The tissues in the cornea get weak due to an imbalance of enzymes in the body. Keratoconus is a genetic condition which can affect more than one member in each family. If you have siblings or parents who suffer from this condition, you need to talk to your eye doctor about the possibilities and risks for Keratoconus. The sooner Keratoconus is detected the sooner a doctor can begin treatment. Most doctors often mistake Keratoconus for Myopia and this can waste a lot of time thus causing more tissue damage.

Apart from being a genetic disorder, Keratoconus can also be caused due to constant eye infections, rubbing the eyes, badly fitted contact lenses and eye irritation. It is thus advised to visit an eye doctor who is experienced and qualified. A person who visits their eye doctor on a regular basis is less likely to suffer from major eye conditions in comparison to one who doesn’t. Mild cases of Keratoconus can be corrected with the use of soft contact lenses or eyeglasses. However, since this is a progressive condition you need to visit your eye doctor from time to time and change your eyeglasses or contact lenses regularly. People who suffer from moderate or advanced Keratoconus can opt in for the Topography-guided conductive keratoplasty or the corneal transplant

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